LUCRÄ‚RI È˜TIINÅ¢IFICE - Ion Ionescu de la Brad
Plaur is located downstream on the right arm of Chilia. Household that is located near the arm Chilia at m which is a flooded area where there are suitable places for wild birds standing.
The disease was too fast with high mortality. Through monitoring local birds have been recorded cases of death or illness in birds.
Existing domestic water birds ducks, geesehigh risk areas for avian influenza is the mode of transmission from wild birds to poultry.
The disease appeared only in households with settlement near shore waters.
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Because cohabitation poultry with migratory birds avian influenza virus could enter the households. Route of infection was a direct contact with infected migratory birds through habitat and an indirect body of water that infected migratory wild birds have stopped.
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Unlike poultry, wild birds typically do not exhibit symptoms of disease, but they may constitute a permanent source of infection in large areas of world. In all cases clinical signs were the same: head swelling, cyanosis and swelling ridges and beards, hemorrhagic tracheitis, bronchopneumonia, and hemorrhagic enteritis etc.
Free-living domestic, feral and wild swine have been implicated in the epidemiology of diseases affecting humans, livestock and wildlife.
Arsene M. Maftei D. For postmortem investigations were collected 20 pigs from two farms, and 38 pigs from one farm were Mycoplasma hyopenumoniae scored in slaughterhouse.
Keywords: porcine respiratory disease complex, swine pathology, PRDC In professional swine herds the swine respiratory disease complex PRDC causes major economic losses [12, 16].
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Although PRDC is described in all age groups, this pathology is usually reported in finishing pigs with age between 14 and 22 weeks [17, 13]. These viruses can be isolated with one or more pathogenic bacteria.
На этом расстоянии в тусклом свете она могла увидеть радостные улыбки новобрачных. "Ну что же, - подумала она, все еще переживая потерю, выпавшую на долю дочери. - Радость и печаль, печаль и радость. Они неразлучны - и на Земле, и на звездных мирах. во все времена".
Depending on the role of bacteria in onset morbid process, they may be primary pathogens Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, Bordetella bronchioseptica or secondary Pasteurella savuti swiss anti aging, Haemophilus parasuis, Streptococcus suis, Actinomyces pyogenes, Salmonella choleraesuis, Actinobacillus suis [15, 11, 17]. List of pathogens active surveillanced by serological tests should be established according to legal regulations and case history.
This paper mainly aims dominant etiological and pathological aspects associated with PRDC in Romania. In this context it analyzes the data collected from serological investigations of swine farms where clinical examination and necropsy revealed the existence of respiratory pathology in pigs slaughtered or died during the finishing period.
From September to December were collected blood samples. In two farms X and XI were additionally collected 20 pigs corpses that showed respiratory disease before death.
From a batch of pig 48 pigs of farm XI have collected data on pulmonary pathology in the slaughterhouse examination pulmonary lesions.
Pulmonary savuti swiss anti aging lymph node lesions were assessed and recorded in concordance with interpretation and classification scheme recommended for this species . Pulmonary lesions characterized by the increase in volume, hyperemia and edema were classified as acute.
Pulmonary lesions characterized by moderate edema and bronchial exudates, but no increase in volume and hyperaemia were classified as subacute. All lungs examined were with lobular type lesions: clear delineation from lobular level of healthy tissue to the sick.
Diversifying and improving methods of antemortem diagnosis for both immunological diagnostic and identification of pathogens was beneficial not only for veterinary lab but also for practitioner. Veterinary Laboratory will provide reliable results quickly, and the practitioner will be reduced by the decisions they take economic losses.
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- LUCRÄ‚RI È˜TIINÅ¢IFICE - Ion Ionescu de la Brad
In our cases the pneumonia lesions were heterogeneous. In addition, there were both acute and chronic pulmonary lesions.
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Based on morphological characteristics, lung lesions can be classified as embolic, bronchopneumonia and interstitial or bronhointerstitial . Four lungs showed no macroscopically visible lesions. Seven animals presented fibrotic pleurisy of the diaphragm lobes.
To support the swine farmers is necessary to evaluate the immune status against major infectious agents such as bacterial or viral that acts primary or secondary on the respiratory system. Undoubtedly, the epidemiological data, clinical signs and pathological lesions provide sufficient information to guide diagnosis to development of a porcine respiratory complex, however many unknown problems it still present in swine industry.
Based on epidemiological data, clinical features and lesions attention has focused on evaluation the immune status for folowing infections: Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus, Aujeszky's Disease Virus, Swine Influenza Virus, Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae and Salmonella spp.
These data highlight the simultaneous circulation of several strains of influenza in pig herds. Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, the bacteria considered primary etiologic agents in respiratory pathology, were identified in 55 samples Antigenic exposure to salmonella was established in specimens From 48 lungs 19 lungs were with lesions: 5 lungs with characteristic lesions of swine enzootic pneumonia Mycoplasma hyopneumoniaeand 9 lungs with pneumonia and pleurisies Thus, the cycle of fattening will increase with other 2 days.